Deosai is located in the Great Himalayan Range, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. The Deosai plateau is conveniently placed between the western massif of the Himalayas and the central Karakoram.
The park is not only about wildlife but also about stunning scenic views of the snow-clad mountains and streams. The natural beauty and impressive grandeur of the Deosai plains have made it world famous. Spread over an area of 3,000 square kilometers, at an altitude of 13,500 feet above sea level, the plains are home to unique species of plant and animal life, of which the Himalayan Brown Bears are the most famous. In the words of Leisters Crowley, "In front of us lay the Deosai, an absolutely treeless wilderness of comparatively level country framed by minor peaks. It gives a unique impression of desolation.
To the south of and visible from both the Burji and Sadpara approaching areas is a 700-foot hill, on top of which is a 500 foot-high-rock cairn. This unnamed hilltop in the northern deosai region produces a clear panorama of the Himalayan Kangari Range and sections of the Karakoram. As you ascend its gentle, grass covered slopes, Nanga Parbat will come into view far to the west of you. In 'Gypsy Davy's' words, "It was such an expanse of immensity as I have hardly imagined...It seems you cannot talk in a matter-of-fact way in a place like that...I thought the Sierras were large, but here, where we could see three or four score miles north, south, east and west, and see only mountains, and most of them above twenty thousand feet, the Sierras seem like sand dunes”. The park remains wrapped in the white sheet of snow from November to May and it is only in the summer months one gets an opportunity to visit the park.
It is home to unique high altitude flora and fauna, including the Himalayan Brown Bears. Deosai is thought to have created a special habitat where this endemic species has evolved over time. Most of the plateau is a common grazing ground for the rural communities that live around it.
There are sixteen villages that are settled on the periphery of Deosai. It is accessible to them only for a few months every year during the brief spring and summer. During the cold season, it stands aloof and forlorn, a vast and magnificent wilderness, one of the few that have remained in Pakistan. The park can be reached from Astore Valley in the west and Skardu in the north.
Deosai Plains make up one of the last frontiers of natural habitat for the Himalayan brown bear, a creature that once roamed the mountains freely. The park currently has in between 20-28 Brown bears. This park was established to protect these endangered bears.
Recently a research project has started by Himalayan Wildlife Foundation (HWF) and the Northern Areas Forests, Parks, and Wildlife Department to secure the survival of the brown bear in the Deosai Plains and to monitor their population.
The Deosai Plains are also home to the ibex, red fox, golden marmot, wolf, the Ladakh urial, the snow leopard, and a number of resident and migratory birds. Mammals in the park include--Brown bear, Snow leopard, Himalayan Musk deer Golden marmot, Pika, Migratory hamster and Ermine. Birds in the park are--Golden eagle, Lammergeier vulture, Griffon vulture, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk and Snow cock.
Karakoram Range. Start walk from Askoli and through flower-carpeted ablation valleys, we encounter challenging as well as more straight forward trekking conditions. A highlight of the trip is the camp on the Hispar La (5151m), where we can watch the afternoon shadow creeping across Snow Lake to the mighty Ogre (7285m), experience the adventure of ski in great Karakorams and turn to see the sun setting over the mountains of Hunza valley and the distant Hindukush to the west. Stunning scenery and a genuine sense of adventure in a high mountain wilderness are key attractions of this magnificent trek. The descent of the Hishpar is mostly done off-glacier in the green, sometimes flower strewn ablation valley, though it is necessary on each of the 4 days of descent, to cross a side glacier with varying degrees of difficulty.
Again, crampons are not needed for these crossings but some scrambling may be required to cross the lateral moraines.
You should only consider this trek if you have some previous trekking experience in the mountains, preferably at altitudes over 4000 meters (13,000 feet).
Trek to Charkusa starts from Hushe village; the last village of the valley. In winter valley offers snow laid pavements, rather complicated ways up to base camps. From there options exist for mountaineers for partially covered and fully covered snow peaks. K-7, K-6, Niza Peak, Farhat Peak, Defey Khar, and many other unnamed peaks receive mountaineers and trekkers with their dazzling views. In the way trekkers and mountaineers will have photographic opportunity of ice ibexes, quails, pheasants.
In winter trek to Nangma valley starts through snow laid pavements from Kanday village. Snow level rises as moves upward to nangma base camps. During trekking to base camps trekkers have the opportunity to fascinate with the natural sceneric views of snow covered peaks, jungles, ibexes, snow leopards, quails, and pheasants. There are options of snow, rock and ice climbing for adventurers. As compared to other routes the nangma valley routes for trekking and climbing are easy particularly in winter seasons. In this valley some well known peaks like Amin Brak, Changi Tower, k-6, Danboor , Bragzang , Shangochadpa, King & Son, Sotulpa etc. are situated. Opposite to Nangma valley there is rather easy uphill short trek to Majrooh Top having its hight-above sea level: 4900m. From this top we can have chance to see the famous, the 2nd Highest peak, K-2(Chogori), Broad Peak, Gashabrum-I, II, IV, Chongolisa, and Mashabrum peak subject to weather condition. In this way the mountaineers with time constraint enjoy the naked eyes views of the said mountains with low and affordable costs.